State Level Banker’s Committee (SLBC), Sikkim
PMJDY Toll Free No. : 1800 345 3256 (State of Sikkim)
 

Agriculture

Land Use Pattern and Agriculture

Within the State’s total area of 7096 sq.kms. Comprising of rugged mountainous terrain, approximately 2500 sq.km. of the State is habitable land. Agriculture and allied activities continue to be the most important occupation of the State and form the main base of Sikkim’s economy. The land utilization pattern of the State as per statistical profile is as below;


(Area in Hectares)
Land Particulars East North South West State
Geographical Area 95400 422600 75000 116600 709600
Net Area Sown 18122 11231 21740 16600 67693
Fallow land 7872 5597 1004 12239 26712
Land not available for cultiv. 3277 1523 2754 847 8401
Net irrigated Area 2532 850 2105 2054 7541

Size of Land Holdings No. of Holdings Area in Ha.
Less than 1 Ha. 40476 14811
1 and 2 Ha. 16941 20397
Above 2 Ha. 16731 59170
TOTAL 74148 94378

The main crops grown in the state are maize, rice, wheat, barley etc. but the production is vey less due to various reasons. However, emphasis is given for the cash crop like orange, large cardamom, ginger, fruits and floriculture.

Area, Production and Productivity in Sikkim 2014-15
Crop Area (Ha) Production (MT) Productivity (kg./ha)
Rice 11040 20070 1817.93
Wheat 390 420 1066.84
Maize 39880 68890 1727.51
Finger Millet 2960 2970 1004.39
Barley 490 500 1031.13
Buckwheat 3690 3550 962.60
Pulses 6260 5810 927.80
Oilseeds 7920 7070 892.17

Animal Husbandry

In Sikkim livestock production is the endeavour of small holders and over 80% of all the households in the state own livestock of one species or the other and income from them. Animal husbandry, Livestock & Fisheries Department is engaged in supporting the production of milk, meat & egg by providing requisite infrastructure in the state for improving the productivity of livestocks and birds, preservation and protection of animals through preventive and curative health care facilities and for developing the skill of farmers in modern and scientific methods through adequate training on organic animal husbandary practices. Some of the major initative for development of Animal Husbandry started by Gov. of Sikkim are as follows:

  • Organic Animal Husbandry.
  • Cattle Development Programme.
  • Piggery Development Programme.
  • Feed & Fodder Dev. Programme.
  • Dairy Development Programme.
  • Animal Health Services.
  • Livestock insurance.
  • Poultry Development Programme.
  • Livestock Sector policy.
  • Trout Fish Seed Production Programme.
  • Carp Seed Production Programme.
  • Propagation of Mahseer.
  • Conservation of Riverine Fisheries Programme.

The district-wise populations of livestock as per 19th Livestock Census 2012 are as follows:
(Rural + Urban)
Sl. No. Species East West North South Total
1 Cattle 47266 41625 14305 37494 Total
2 Buffaloes 39 794 19 40 892
3 Sheeps 212 1234 234 1004 2684
4 Goat 34259 37640 9410 29561 110870
5 Yak 2369 141 3710   6220
6 Pig 8077 9987 3793 8460 30317
7 Ponies 102 99 324 11 536
8 Farm Poultry (Layers+Broiler) 18722 1005 1400 42000 63127
9 Dog (Pet) 11417 4675 2002 5501 23595
10 Rabbit 127 28 353 65 573
11 Backyard Poultry 118939 111809 31122 175775 437645
(Source: 19th Livestock Census 2012, Deptt. Of AHLFVS)

DISTRICTWISE ESTABLISHMENT OF VETERINARY INSTITUTIONS & OTHER INFRASTRUCTURES
(As on 31st March 2014)
Sl. No. Items North East South West State
1 Veterinary Hospitals 4 5 3 4 16
2 Veterinary Dispensaries 5 14 16 17 52
3 Veterinary Polyclinics   1     1
4 Artificial Insemination Centre 6 60 22 45 113
5 Stockman Centre 7 25 15 16; 63
6 Milk Processing Plants 1 1 1 1 4
7 Milk Chilling Plants/ Cooling Plants 6 49 55 83 193
8 Poultry Breeding Farms 1 3 2 1 7
9 Rabbit Breeding Farm 1       1
10 Yak Breeding Farm 1       1
11 Pig Breeding Farm 2 1 2 2 7
12 Hatcheries   1 1   2
13 Rinderpest Check posts   2 1 1 4
(Source: 19th Livestock Census 2012, Deptt. Of AHLFVS)

FARMS: THEIR LOCATION
Sl. No. Farms Location
1 Exotic Cattle Breeding Pangthang
2 Bull Rearing Gyalzing
3 State Bull Mother farm Karfectar
4 Poultry demonstration farm Chujachen
5 Goat Magalbarey
6 Piggery Gyalzing
7 Sheep Begha
8 Hatcheries Jorethang